Habsburg Monarchy 1848–1918
Research on the history of the Habsburg Monarchy is one of the key research topics of the Masaryk Institute and the Archives of the CAS, which includes political, economic, social and cultural history in the broader context of the development of Central Europe. A part of this research is directly related to the person and work of T. G. Masaryk, who in terms of time, but above all in terms of the breadth of his interests, covers the entire geographical and temporal area under study. Important research subtopics here are the development of the political system of the monarchy (with an emphasis on the history of political parties, parliamentarism and political culture, and the development of public administration), the formation of social elites, the development of modern nationalism in Central Europe, the transformation of religiosity and interfaith relations, the tracking of cultural transfers, the resolution of the so-called women's question, and, last but not least, the economic and social development of Central Europe. In addition to scholarly studies, monographs, syntheses and conferences, an important basis for research on the topics under study is the extensive editorial activity, which makes important sources for the understanding of society in the 19th and the first half of the 20th century available to the scientific and general public.